June is CPR Awareness Month. And if you think you don’t need to learn CPR, consider this: According to the American Heart Association, about 90 % of people who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrests die. CPR, especially if performed immediately, can double or triple a cardiac arrest victim’s chance of survival. CPR, especially if performed immediately, can double or triple a cardiac arrest victim’s chance of survival. But before you perform CPR, it’s crucial to call 9-11.
"There reason why it's important to call 9-11 is first you want the fire rescue to get there as quickly as possible. They have life saving medications and defibrillators that will deliver a shock to the heart and hopefully get the heart going again. Their chances on survival increase quicker if fire rescue can get on scene," said Rudy Marsala, CPR Instructor.
And after you make the call, if you have to perform CPR, there are actually two different types of the procedure: hands-only or conventional CPR which incorporates mouth to mouth.
With conventional CPR, you're utilizing mouth-to-mouth ventilation in conjunction with the cardiac compressions. The hands-on CPR is designed for people who are untrained in CPR or reluctant to provide mouth-to-mouth ventilation. For hands-on CPR where compression only CPR are four teens and adults only. It's not recommended for pediatrics or infants because when an adult or teen goes into cardiac arrest, the primary reason is because of an electrical abnormality. When a child or infant goes into cardiac arrest, the primary reason for them is respiratory and nature. So their oxygen content in their cells are low," said Marsala.
To perform hands-only CPR follow these guidelines.
"You want to have your arms locked out with your fingers interlocked and right down in the center of the chest. We need to compress the chest at a rate of 100 to 120 a minute, arms locked out and over the chest," said Rudy Marsala, CPR Instructor.
And if you’re unsure about the rate you’re doing compressions, music can save the day.
"A lot of people will play the song in their head by The Bee Gee's 'Staying Alive' to help keep the tempo. This tempo should be about 100 to 120 a minute.
For more information about CPR and cardiac arrest, head to heart.org/handsonlyCPR.